Do you know these 20 facts about the zika virus?
Zika virus was first identified in 1947 in a rhesus monkey in Uganda, was first detected in humans in 1952. The virus made its way from Africa to Asia in the late 1960s to early 1980s, later making its way to South America and North America. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the Zika virus to be a public health emergency, earlier this year.With Zika virus spreading through the Americas and rest of the world here are few facts that you should know.
- Zika virus is an RNA virus related to the West Nile, yellow fever, and dengue viruses, and passed on by the bite an infected Aedes mosquito.
- Zika began in Africa. It was originally named ZIKV and was first discovered in 1947 in a rhesus macaque in the Zika forest in Uganda.
- In humans, the zika virus spreads through mosquito bites, blood transfusion and sex.
- With higher temperatures more mosquitoes feed more frequently and have a greater chance of spreading the infection.
- According to CDC, Puerto Rico reported the first locally-acquired Zika virus case in the United States. As of 3rd August, 2016, Laboratory-confirmed Zika virus disease cases reported are :
|Locally acquired cases†|
|No. (% of cases in states)||No. (% of cases in states)|
|Alabama||11 (1)||0 (0)|
|Arizona||10 (1)||0 (0)|
|Arkansas||5 (<1)||0 (0)|
|California||87 (5)||0 (0)|
|Colorado||19 (1)||0 (0)|
|Connecticut||39 (2)||0 (0)|
|Delaware||10 (1)||0 (0)|
|District of Columbia||10 (1)||0 (0)|
|Florida||322 (18)||6 (100)|
|Georgia||42 (2)||0 (0)|
|Hawaii||10 (1)||0 (0)|
|Illinois||33 (2)||0 (0)|
|Indiana||20 (1)||0 (0)|
|Iowa||9 (1)||0 (0)|
|Kansas||8 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Kentucky||10 (1)||0 (0)|
|Louisiana||9 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Maine||9 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Maryland||54 (3)||0 (0)|
|Massachusetts||54 (3)||0 (0)|
|Michigan||17 (1)||0 (0)|
|Minnesota||29 (2)||0 (0)|
|Mississippi||14 (1)||0 (0)|
|Missouri||10 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Montana||1 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Nebraska||4 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Nevada||11 (1)||0 (0)|
|New Hampshire||8 (<1)||0 (0)|
|New Jersey||50 (3)||0 (0)|
|New Mexico||3 (<1)||0 (0)|
|New York||491 (27)||0 (0)|
|North Carolina||30 (1)||0 (0)|
|North Dakota||1 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Ohio||26 (1)||0 (0)|
|Oklahoma||13 (1)||0 (0)|
|Oregon||14 (1)||0 (0)|
|Pennsylvania††||58 (3)||0 (0)|
|Rhode Island||18 (1)||0 (0)|
|South Carolina||28 (2)||0 (0)|
|Tennessee||22 (1)||0 (0)|
|Texas||89 (5)||0 (0)|
|Utah||6 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Vermont||6 (<1)||0 (0)|
|Virginia||57 (3)||0 (0)|
|Washington||16 (1)||0 (0)|
|West Virginia||9 (1)||0 (0)|
|Wisconsin||17 (1)||0 (0)|
|American Samoa||0 (0)||44 (1)|
|Puerto Rico||22 (96)||5,460 (99)|
|US Virgin Islands||1 (4)||21 (<1)|
- The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) recommends not to donate blood, tissue or organ if a person has been diagnosed with zika virus or has been in contact with an area or person being affected by the zika virus, in the last six months.
- Organ or tissue transplant from a deceased suffering from zika virus has also been banned.
- The symptoms of the Zika virus are mild and last anywhere from two days to a week. Signs include: fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis (red eyes), muscle and joint pain, headache, malaise, and infections like dengue.
- Banned donations include blood, organs, semen, oocytes, umbilical cord blood, placenta, corneas, bone, skin, and heart valves.
- A blood and urine test can confirm a Zika infection.
- There are no approved drugs or vaccines for Zika. Doctors at a Philadelphia-based lab received the green light to start human trials for a Zika vaccine they have been testing. The vaccine will reportedly be tested on 40 people.
- Pregnant women who live in or have traveled to Zika-infested regions are vulnerable to the most serious complications from the virus: birth defects.
- Pregnant women with Zika should get more frequent ultrasounds, which is the only reliable way to detect microcephaly before a baby is born.
- Every year 40 million Americans travel to Zika-affected countries.
- Some countries are recommending women put off getting pregnant: El Salvador has told women to wait two years, and some health officials in Puerto Rico have said to wait for the time being.
- Since there are no commercial diagnostic tests for Zika, so the diagnostic tests are only for pregnant women or are a traveler with symptoms.
- In Brazil, some patients have developed a rare autoimmune condition, which can cause at least temporary paralysis.
- Zika infection can be prevented by using insect repellents.
- According to CDC, mosquito control can help prevent Zika. Controlling the insect vector by cutting down on mosquito breeding is one way to prevent spread of this and other mosquito-borne viruses. Breeding sites include water-filled habitats like plant containers and toilets inside the home, and puddles, birdbaths, and pooled water outdoors. Chemical pesticides can kill mosquitoes, but use them carefully to prevent contamination that could be harmful to your health.
- According to CDC the following are the countries affected by the zika virus:
|Aruba||El Salvador||Saint Barthélemy|
|Barbados||French Guiana||Saint Lucia|
|Belize||Guadeloupe||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
|Colombia||Honduras||Trinidad and Tobago|
|Commonwealth of||Jamaica||Turks and Cacos|
|Puerto Rico, US territory||Martinique||U.S. Virgin Islands|
|American Samoa||Cape Verde|
|Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia|
|Papua New Guinea|
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