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Do you know these 20 facts about the zika virus?

facts about zika virus

Zika virus was first identified in 1947 in a rhesus monkey in Uganda, was first detected in humans in 1952. The virus made its way from Africa to Asia in the late 1960s to early 1980s,  later making its way to South America and North America. The World Health Organization (WHO)  has declared the Zika virus to be a public health emergency, earlier this year.With Zika virus spreading through the Americas and rest of the world here are few facts that you should know. 

  1. Zika virus is an RNA virus related to the West Nile, yellow fever, and dengue viruses, and passed on by the bite an infected Aedes mosquito.Zika virus is an RNA virus passed on by the bite an infected Aedes mosquito
  2. Zika began in Africa. It was originally named ZIKV and was first discovered in 1947 in a rhesus macaque in the Zika forest in Uganda.
  3. Zika virus was originally named ZIKV and was first discovered in 1947 in a rhesus macaque in the Zika forest in Uganda
  4. In humans, the zika virus spreads through mosquito bites, blood transfusion and sex.In humans the zika virus spreads through mosquito bites
  5. With higher temperatures more mosquitoes feed more frequently and have a greater chance of spreading the infection.With higher temperatures more mosquitoes feed more
  6. According to CDC, Puerto Rico reported the first locally-acquired Zika virus case in the United States.zika-cases in USA As of 3rd August, 2016, Laboratory-confirmed Zika virus disease cases reported are :
States

Travel-associated cases*

Locally acquired cases†
 No. (% of cases in states)No. (% of cases in states)
Alabama11    (1)0    (0)
Arizona10    (1)0    (0)
Arkansas5      (<1)0    (0)
California87    (5)0    (0)
Colorado19    (1)0    (0)
Connecticut39    (2)0    (0)
Delaware10    (1)0    (0)
District of Columbia10    (1)0    (0)
Florida322  (18)6    (100)
Georgia42    (2)0    (0)
Hawaii10    (1)0    (0)
Illinois33    (2)0    (0)
Indiana20    (1)0    (0)
Iowa9      (1)0    (0)
Kansas8      (<1)0    (0)
Kentucky10    (1)0    (0)
Louisiana9      (<1)0    (0)
Maine9      (<1)0    (0)
Maryland54    (3)0    (0)
Massachusetts54    (3)0    (0)
Michigan17    (1)0    (0)
Minnesota29    (2)0    (0)
Mississippi14    (1)0    (0)
Missouri10    (<1)0    (0)
Montana1      (<1)0    (0)
Nebraska4      (<1)0    (0)
Nevada11    (1)0    (0)
New Hampshire8      (<1)0    (0)
New Jersey50    (3)0    (0)
New Mexico3      (<1)0    (0)
New York491  (27)0    (0)
North Carolina30    (1)0    (0)
North Dakota1      (<1)0    (0)
Ohio26    (1)0    (0)
Oklahoma13    (1)0    (0)
Oregon14    (1)0    (0)
Pennsylvania††58    (3)0    (0)
Rhode Island18    (1)0    (0)
South Carolina28    (2)0    (0)
Tennessee22    (1)0    (0)
Texas89    (5)0    (0)
Utah6      (<1)0    (0)
Vermont6      (<1)0    (0)
Virginia57    (3)0    (0)
Washington16    (1)0    (0)
West Virginia9      (1)0    (0)
Wisconsin17    (1)0    (0)
American Samoa0      (0)44      (1)
Puerto Rico22    (96)5,460 (99)
US Virgin Islands1      (4)21      (<1)
  1. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) recommends not to donate blood, tissue or organ if a person has been diagnosed with zika virus or has been in contact with an area or person being affected by the zika virus, in the last six months.The FDA recommends not to donate blood, tissue or organ if a person has been diagnosed with zika virus
  2. Organ or tissue transplant from a deceased suffering from zika virus has also been banned.Organ or tissue transplant from a deceased suffering from zika virus has also been banned
  3. The symptoms of the Zika virus are mild and last anywhere from two days to a week. Signs include: fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis (red eyes), muscle and joint pain, headache, malaise, and infections like dengue.symptoms of zika virus infection
  4. Banned donations include blood, organs, semen, oocytes, umbilical cord blood, placenta, corneas, bone, skin, and heart valves.organ and tissue transplant is banned from a zika patient
  5. A blood and urine test can confirm a Zika infection.A blood and urine test can confirm a Zika infection
  6. There are no approved drugs or vaccines for Zika. Doctors at a Philadelphia-based lab received the green light to start human trials for a Zika vaccine they have been testing. The vaccine will reportedly be tested on 40 people.
    There are no approved drugs or vaccines for Zika
  7. Pregnant women who live in or have traveled to Zika-infested regions are vulnerable to the most serious complications from the virus: birth defects.Pregnant women are vulnerable to the most serious complications from the virus
  8. Pregnant women with Zika should get more frequent ultrasounds, which is the only reliable way to detect microcephaly before a baby is born.13. Pregnant women with Zika should get more frequent ultrasounds, which is the only reliable way to detect microcephaly before a baby is born
  9. Every year 40 million Americans travel to Zika-affected countries.Every year 40 million Americans travel to Zika-affected countries
  10. Some countries are recommending women put off getting pregnant: El Salvador has told women to wait two years, and some health officials in Puerto Rico have said to wait for the time being.El Salvador has told women to wait two years to get pregnant due to the zika virus scare
  11. Since there are no commercial diagnostic tests for Zika, so the diagnostic tests are only for pregnant women or are a traveler with symptoms.As of now, Zika diagnostic tests are for pregnant women or are a traveler with symptoms.
  12. In Brazil, some patients have developed a rare autoimmune condition, which can cause at least temporary paralysis.17. In Brazil, some patients have developed a rare autoimmune condition, which can cause at least temporary paralysis
  13. Zika infection can be prevented by using insect repellents.Zika infection can be prevented by using insect repellents
  14. According to CDC, mosquito control can help prevent Zika. Controlling the insect vector by cutting down on mosquito breeding is one way to prevent spread of this and other mosquito-borne viruses. Breeding sites include water-filled habitats like plant containers and toilets inside the home, and puddles, birdbaths, and pooled water outdoors. Chemical pesticides can kill mosquitoes, but use them carefully to prevent contamination that could be harmful to your health.mosquito control can help prevent Zika
  15. According to CDC the following are the countries affected by the zika virus:Countries affected with zika virus
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 America 
AnguillaDominicaParaguay
AntiguaDominican RepublicPeru
ArgentinaEcuadorSaba
ArubaEl SalvadorSaint Barthélemy
BarbadosFrench GuianaSaint Lucia
BarbudaGrenadaSaint Martin
BelizeGuadeloupeSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
BoliviaGuatemalaSint Eustatius
BonaireGuyanaSint Maarten
BrazilHaitiSuriname
ColombiaHondurasTrinidad and Tobago
Commonwealth ofJamaicaTurks and Cacos
Puerto Rico, US territoryMartiniqueU.S. Virgin Islands
Costa RicaMexicoVenezuela
CubaNicaragua
CuracaoPanama
Oceania/Pacific IslandsAfrica
American SamoaCape Verde
Fiji
Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia
Marshall Islands
New Caledonia
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Tonga

 

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References:

  1. http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/active-countries.html
  2. http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/united-states.html
  3. http://time.com/4318624/zika-virus-and-birth-defects-what-you-need-to-know/
  4. http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/alarming-facts-about-the-zika-virus/1/
  5. http://www.everydayhealth.com/news/10-essential-facts-about-zika-virus/
  6. http://www.ibtimes.com/zika-virus-facts-myths-9-things-know-about-symptoms-treatment-transmission-2397270

 

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